What is Lining?
Lining: Linings are textiles used to cover the inner side of the garments. In apparel, lining refers to a layer of fabric that is sewn into a garment to provide a smoother, more comfortable feel against the skin and to improve the drape and overall appearance of the garment.
Lining can be made from a variety of materials, including silk, cotton, rayon, or synthetic fabrics, and is added to a variety of garments, such as dresses, jackets, coats, and trousers.
The main purpose of a lining in apparel is to prevent the outer fabric from clinging to the body and to improve the overall fit and comfort of the garment. Lining can also help to protect the outer fabric from sweat and other body oils, extend the life of the garment, and add extra warmth or insulation.
Lining can be sewn into the garment as a separate layer, or it can be attached at strategic points, such as the neckline, armholes, or waistline, to help the lining and outer fabric move together as one. Some garments, such as blazers and suit jackets, may require a full lining, while others may only require partial lining or no lining at all, depending on the style, fabric, and intended use of the garment.
What is Interlining?
Interlining: Interlinings, also called interfacing, are generally nonwoven fabrics that add more structure and body to garment components like collars, button plackets, waistbands, and cuffs. Interlinings may be fusible or sew-on. Interlining durability is essential for garment construction.
In addition to providing structure and support, interlining can also be used to alter the drape and hand of the fabric, or to add insulation and warmth to a garment. For example, a lightweight fusible interfacing can be used to add crispness to collars, cuffs, and waistbands, while a heavy quilted interlining can be used to add warmth to a winter coat.
Interlining can also be used to enhance the appearance of a garment. For example, a sheer outer fabric can be underlined with a solid color interlining to create a more opaque, colorful look. Similarly, a fabric with a loose or open weave can be interlined with a solid or smooth material to give the garment a more finished and polished appearance.
The choice of interlining material and type depends on the type of garment being made, the desired effect, and the fabric used. For example, a light, flowy dress may require a lightweight sew-in interlining to give it structure, while a heavy winter coat may require a thick, quilted interlining to add insulation and warmth. The interlining should be carefully selected and applied to ensure that it complements the outer fabric and lining, and helps to achieve the desired look and feel of the garment.
Differences between lining & Interlining:
|1. A layer of different material covering the inside surface of garments.||1. An important accessory in garment, which is used between two layers of fabric.|
|2. Generally smooth and lustrous fabrics made of silk or manufactured fiber or cotton is used as lining.||2. Fabric made of cotton, nylon, polyester, viscose and wool are used in interlining.|
|3. It is generally applied in jacket and coats.||3. It is generally used in cuffs, collar and the front part of jacket and coats.|
|4. It can be used in lustrous wool alpaca fabric or silk filling.||4. It can be used canvas flannel and non-woven fabric.|
|5. It is joined by sewing.||5. It is joined by fusing and sewing.|
|6. This is used to feel comfort as well as beauty and to prevent wear on a side.||6. This is used to hold up, support and control the area of garments and to keep original shape.|
|7. Finishing is not compulsory.||7. Sometime it is compulsory like crease resistance finish.|
|8. It has no classification.||8. It is of three types. |
a) Sewn Interlining
b) Fusible Interlining
c) Quilted Interlining
Md. Anwar Hossen is a dynamic faculty of Apparel Engineering department at Textile Engineering College, Noakhali. He is serving as “Foreman” (1st class gazetted officer) since 08th November, 2021. Before getting recommendation by BPSC as Foreman, he served for 03 years 01 month and 12 days as an “Inspector (Technical)” at Department of Textiles. Recently, Mr. Anwar achieved his Master’s of Science in Textile Engineering from Daffodil International University (DIU). He achieved his Bachelor of Science in Textile Engineering from Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology (DUET) in 2019. In 2013, he completed a Diploma in Textile Engineering degree from Begumganj Textile Engineering College, Noakhali (TECN). Learn More>>