What is Yarn?
Yarn: Most apparel and furnishing fabrics are produced from yarns. A yarn is a continuous strand of textile fibers, filaments, or materials in a form suitable for knitting, weaving, or otherwise intertwining to form a textile fabric. According to the textile institute: “A product of substantial length and relatively small cross-section consisting of fibers and filaments with or without a twist is called yarn.” There are many kinds of yarn. Here, I will present differences between staple yarn and filament yarn.
What is Staple yarn?
A staple spun yarn is a linear assembly of fibers, where the individual fibers are tiny in cross-section and short in length, held together usually by the insertion of twist, to form a continuous stand; it is used for interlacing or inter-looping in processes such as weaving, knitting, and sewing.
What is Filament yarn?
Filament yarns are made from manufactured fibers, except for the tiny percentage of filament silk. Manufactured filament yarns are made by extruding a polymer solution through a spinneret and solidifying it in fiber form. Then the individual filaments are brought together with or without a slight twist.
Differences between staple yarn and filament yarn:
|Staple yarn||Filament yarn|
|1. Staple yarn is made of a continuous assembly of overlapping fibers, usually bound together by a twist.||1. Filament yarn is a type that consists of very long, continuous filaments or fibers which are twisted together or grouped together.|
|2. Usually staple yarn made from natural fiber like cotton, linen and wool||2. Filament yarn made from synthetic fibers or silk fiber.|
|3. Staple yarn involves complex manufacturing process.||3. Filament yarn involves a simple manufacturing process.|
|4. This yarn is less lustrous.||4. This yarn is more lustrous and smooth.|
|5. More pills||5. less pills|
|6. Dye take up percentage is more than filament yarn.||6. Dye take up percentage is less than staple yarn.|
|7. More hairy||7. Less hairy|
|8. Staple yarn is comparatively more eco-friendly.||8. Filament yarn is less eco-friendly.|