Determination of Knit Fabric Pilling Resistance by ICI Pilling Box Tester/TTQC Lab Report-05

Sharing is caring!


Pilling is a fabric-surface fault characterized by little “pills” of entangled fiber clinging to the cloth surface and giving the garment an unsightly appearance. The pills are formed during wear and washing by the entanglement of loose fibers that protrude from the fabric’s surface. Under the rubbing action, these loss fibers develop into small spherical bundles anchored to the fabric by a few unbroken fibers. Should stray foreign fibers become part of the pills, then the color of the pills may differ from the body of the garment, and the fault is emphasized. Pilling has long been recognized as a fault, especially in fabrics such as woolen knitted goods made from softly twisted yarns, but the introduction of newer man-made fibers appears to have aggravated its seriousness. An explanation is that with wool, the fibers which anchor the pills to the fabric are relatively weak, and the pills break away fairly easily, whereas fibers like Terylene, Orlon, Nylon, etc., are strong, and the pills remain key to the garment, accumulate, and become more and more unsightly.

Figure: Picture of pilling phenomena

In this experiment, we will use ICI pilling box tester to determine knitted fabric pilling.


  1. To know about pilling.
  2. To understand how to prepare the specimen for the pilling test.
  3. Come to learn the working procedure of ICI pilling box tester.


  1. ICI pilling box tester
  2. Scissor
  3. Scale
  4. Sewing thread
  5. Sewing needle

Standard testing temperature:

An atmosphere at the prevailing barometric pressure with a relative humidity of 65% and temperature of 200 C is called standard testing temperature.

Specimen preparation:

Four specimens each (5×5) inch are cut from the fabric for this experiment. A seam allowance of 12 mm is marked on the reverse of each square. In two of the specimen, the seam is pronounced parallel to the warp direction. Other two parallel to the weft direction. The samples are also folded face to face, and a seam is sewn on the pronounced line. The gives two specimens with the seam parallel to the warp and two with the seam parallel to the weft. Each specimen is turned inside out, and 6 mm is cut off each and of it, removing any sewing distortion. The fabric tubes made are also mounted on rubber tubes so that the length of the tube showing at each end is the same. Each of the loose ends is taped with PVC tape so that 6 mm of the rubber tube is left exposed, as shown in the figure:

Working procedure:

  1. First, we have to clean the pilling box.
  2. Now, put the 4 sets of the specimen into the box.
  3. After putting the specimen into the box, firmly close the lid.
  4. Then, turn the counter to the required number of rotations.
  5. The number of rotations depends on the buyer agreements. But in the absence of agreement, the coarse fabric was turned over 7200 rpm, and the fine imitation fabric was turned around 14400 rpm.
  6. After complete pre-set rotation, the machine will be off automatically.


The specimens are removed from the tubes, and a visual assessment is done. The specimens are given a rating of between 1 to 5 with the help of the descriptions in the table:

1Dense surface fuzzing and/or severe pilling. Pills of varying size and density covering the whole specimen surface.
2Distinct surface fuzzing and/or distinct pilling. Pills of varying size and density covering a large proportion of the specimen surface.
3Moderate surface fuzzing and/or moderate pilling. Pills of varying size and density partially covering the specimen surface.
4Slightly surface fuzzing and/or partially formed pills.
5No change.
Table: Assessment grade for pilling


From this experiment we came to learn about pilling. we also learn about ICI pilling box tester. This experiment will help in our future life. Thanks to our teacher to helping us.

If you have any question about knit fabric pilling resistance, let me know by comment box


  1. Booth, J. (2008). Principles of Textile Testing. New Delhi: CBS Publishers & Distributors.
  2. Hamby, E. B. (1993). Handbook of Textile Test and Quality Control. New York: Wiley Eastern Limited.
  3. HU, J. (2008). Fabric Testing. New York: Woodhead Publicatioing Limited.

Sharing is caring!

194 thoughts on “Determination of Knit Fabric Pilling Resistance by ICI Pilling Box Tester/TTQC Lab Report-05”

  1. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative.I’m going to watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future.Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.Cheers!

  2. Hi, I do believe this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will revisit yet again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  3. Thank you for some other informative blog. Where else may just I am getting that type of information written in such a perfect way? I’ve a challenge that I am simply now running on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.

  4. I don’t even know the way I stopped up right here, but I thought this submit was once great. I do not realize who you are but definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger when you are not already. Cheers!

  5. Hi my family member! I wish to say that this article is awesome, great written and include almost all significant infos. I would like to see more posts like this.

  6. You can certainly see your expertise in the work you write.The sector hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe.All the time go after your heart.

  7. Aw, this was a very nice post. Spending some time and actual effort to generate a really good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a lot and never manage to get nearly anything done.


Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.