Seed fibers develop in the seed pod of the plant. For the fiber to be used, it must be separated from the seed. Cotton is one of the essential seed fibers.
The word cotton comes from the Arabic word “Katan.” Cotton is also called the king of fibers because it has some unique properties such as comfort, easy care, high durability, and moderate cost. Cotton is the backbone of the world’s textile market. The cotton-related textile product is central to economic growth in developed and developing countries. They also contribute to sustainable and socially responsible development. In this article, I will present the history of cotton fiber.
History of Cotton
Cotton is the oldest fiber in the world. Nobody can’t precisely say when started use of cotton was used. But it is assumed, Cotton was cultivated more than 5000 years ago. At first, cotton was discovered in Mexico. Archeological finds indicate cotton was grown and used for textile purposes in the Indus Valley well before 2100 B.C. in Mexico by 3500 B.C. in Peru by 2500 B.C. In the southwestern United States, by 500 B.C. Fragments of fiber and bolls dating from 5800 B.C. were found in Mexico, although there is a question as to whether cotton was used as a textile that early. Cotton was used extensively in the Medo-Persian Empire and may have been used in ancient Egypt. It was introduced into the Mediterranean countries by the Arabs and into other parts of Europe by The Crusaders. The use of cotton in England is mentioned in the writing of the thirteenth century, although it did not become general until the first half of the sixteen century. In the United States, cotton was cultivated by the colonists in the early seventeenth century. The impetus of the industrial revolution, represented in the cotton industry by the invention of the carding machine and the spinning mule in England and by the creation of the cotton gin in the United States, resulted in vastly increased cotton production of manufacturing.
At the same time, water and steam power was developed by Britain, which made faster improvement of spinning and weaving machinery in Europe. In 1930 cotton accounted for 85% of the world’s consumption of textile fibers, but between 1950 and 1980, its market share fell to 48% due to the introduction of newly produced synthetic fiber.
More recently, textile factories have moved from Western Europe, lower pay envelope areas. Artificial product is presently substantially located in countries like India, Bangladesh, China, and Latin America. In these regions, labor cost is meager than in the first world. Biotechnology plays an essential role in cotton farming as genetically modified cotton can repel roundup, a pesticide made y the company Monsanto, and repel insects. Organically grown cotton is getting less current than synthetic fiber from petroleum products. Since the 1980s, the demand for cotton has doubled. The leasing cotton exporter is the United States, whose product is subsidized by the government, with subventions estimated at $ 14 billion between 1995 and 2003. The value of cotton fur has been dwindling sixty times. The value of cotton dropped by 50 from 1997-2007. The global cloth and apparel assiduity employs 23.6 million workers, of which 75% are women.
Different kinds and types of cotton are grown in various parts of the world. Some of their essential characteristics differ. Variations among cotton fibers also occur because of growth conditions, including pests, soil, climate, and fertilizers. The quality of cotton fiber is based on its color, fineness, length, and strength. Usually, longer fibers are finer and more substantial. Like any agricultural product, cotton is grown in about 80 countries worldwide. The significant producer is the following: Syria, Turkmenistan, Argentina, Greece, Brazil, Australia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, India, USA, and China.
Botanical name of cotton:
Botanical name of cotton:
- Gossypium herbaceum
- Gossypium arboreum
- Gossypium hirsutum
- Gossypium barbedense
- Producing Country: Bangladesh, China, India
- Fiber length: 20mm-26mm
- Producing Country: Pakistan, China, India, Russian
- Fiber length: 15mm-30mm
- Producing Country: Pakistan, India, Russian, South America
- Fiber length: 25mm-30mm
- Producing Country: Egypt
- Fiber length: 30mm-60mm
Kazi Rashedul Islam is an “Assistant Technical Officer” at the Textile Engineering department at Jashore University of Science and Technology (JUST). He achieved his Bachelor of Science in Textile Engineering from Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology (DUET) in 2018. In 2012 he completed a Diploma in Textile Engineering degree from Begumgonj Textile Engineering College(TECN), Noakhali.
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